Narrative paradigm is a communication theory conceptualized by 20th-century communication scholar Walter Fisher. The paradigm claims that all meaningful communication occurs via storytelling or reporting of events. Humans participate as storytellers and observers of narratives.
Narrative paradigm - Wikipedia
Might be useful.
heiroglyphics, maya are pushed as the first written languages.
message sticks - AUS , Quipu S.A, peru inca.
Tally sticks - same purpose as Quipu but Eur
As far back as the upper Palaeolithic - cuts on sticks to remind them, predates any other form of human communication.
Double tally stick - prevalent medieval perios - notches recorded number then split the stick with knife and then both sides get a copy - like a contract. or that the data is the same.
Elizabethan - short piece was receipt - a counterfoil, the stock.
King Henry 11C showed proof until 1837 as proof of taxes paid.
A complex way-of recording and mainly numerical.
Disposal of the tally sticks - were housed at medieval HoP but the stove overheated and then burnt down the building. The HoP sits on this site.
Wiki - folklore page
The word folklore was coined in 1846 Englishman William Thoms, who contrived the term as a replacement for the contemporary terminology of "popular antiquities" or "popular literature". The second half of the word, lore, comes from Old English lār 'instruction'. It is the knowledge and traditions of a particular group, frequently passed along by word of mouth.
The concept of folk has varied over time.
When Thoms first created this term, folk applied only to rural, frequently poor and illiterate peasants.
A more modern definition of folk is a social group that includes two or more persons with common traits, who express their shared identity through distinctive traditions. "Folk is a flexible concept which can refer to a nation as in American folklore or to a single family."[
Folklore is no longer considered to be limited to that which is old or obsolete. These folk artifacts continue to be passed along informally, as a rule anonymously, and always in multiple variants.
The folk group is not individualistic, it is community-based and nurtures its lore in community. "As new groups emerge, new folklore is created… surfers, motorcyclists, computer programmers".
In direct contrast to high culture, where any single work of a named artist is protected by copyright law, folklore is a function of shared identity within a common social group.
Having identified folk artifacts, the professional folklorist strives to understand the significance of these beliefs, customs, and objects for the group, since these cultural units
I would not be passed along unless they had some continued relevance within the group.
That meaning can however shift and morph, for example: the Halloween celebration of the 21st century is not the All Hallows' Eve of the Middle Ages.